Institute for Energy Research
[Editor’s Note: The IER’s Alexander Stevens explains the implosion of the green utopia planned by Germany, a program requiring ever more corrections.]
In 2010, Germany embarked on a forty-year experiment in energy central planning in an effort to reduce the country’s carbon footprint by transitioning away from fossil fuels. The country’s energy transition, known as the Energiewende, includes greenhouse gas (GHG) reductions of 80-95 percent by 2050 (relative to 1990) and a renewable energy target of 60 percent by 2050.
Legislative support for the energy transition was passed in September of 2010. In June of 2011, in reaction to the Fukushima nuclear accident caused by the Tōhoku earthquake and tsunami, Germany’s government removed nuclear power as a source of bridging fuel as part of the energy transition. As recently as January of 2019, Germany’s plan was to abandon nuclear energy completely by 2022. In July of 2020, Germany passed legislation to end coal-fired power generation by 2038.
Last year, wind and solar energy advocates rejoiced as renewable energy’s share of Germany’s overall power supply increased by 5.4 percent to 46 percent of the total. In 2019, wind (both onshore and offshore) produced 24.6 percent of Germany’s total energy mix; nuclear produced 13.8 percent; natural gas produced 10.5 percent; solar produced 9 percent; biomass produced 8.5 percent; and hydropower plants produced 3.8 percent.